Of course, it all depends on which organ will be tested. In the case of abdominal USG, doctors recommend an early purge of the intestines and ingestion of an anti-flatulence on the eve of the test. It is recommended not to eat for at least six hours on the day of research, and to drink only boiled water, no carbonated beverages. The day before the test it is important not to eat heavy and bloating foods. This especially facilitates the assessment of the pancreas, which in people who are not prepared, is invisible.

Of great importance is adequate preparation for urinary bladder USG – you should refrain from urinating and come with a full bladder to scan. This allows the evaluation of this organ (an empty bladder is and there is little you can see), and also, the bladder is filled with an "acoustic window" which allows a doctor to determine the status of the pelvic organs. You can also easily tell if something pinches the bladder (eg, an enlarged prostate), and determine how much urine remains in the bladder after emptying (which is indirect evidence of the existence of disorders of urine flow).

USG in pregnancy

The main part of a pregnancy USG takes place in the 2D image, in which we observe the interior sections of the uterus and foetal body contours with an image of its internal organs. This is the most important part of the scan, provided to assess the size and shape of the different parts of the foetus’s anatomic structures, bearings, and amount of amniotic fluid.

At My Medyk specialists use the modern VOLUSON Pro apparatus, which allows a three-dimensional image reconstruction of the foetus and inside the uterus, even in real time which exposes the foetal movements. Through this type of scan it is possible to not only obtain a beautiful image of the child, but also a cross-sectional anatomical study that is not available in a two-dimensional scan, facilitating the identification of defects.

‘4D imaging’ is three-dimensional imaging in real-time, which enables the observation of the foetus’s movement and heart rate, providing a lot of information not available in conventional scans and on most modern cameras. Thanks to this process, it is easier to visualise certain features of the foetus, which can provide an indication of various diseases, including genetic disorders.

4D Research or Genetic USG

Most recent reports indicate that small (in terms of extent) birth defects such as cleft lips, palate, polydactyly (extra fingers), deformations of hands and feet and small spina bifida can be more reliably assessed by 4D imaging. Also, some subtle abnormal qualities, such as low-set ears, facial irregularities or distortions are clearly visible in 4D compared to the traditional scan, which is important in the diagnosis of Down’s syndrome and other chromosomal abnormalities and genetic factors.

The psychological effect

Three-dimensional scans allow the mother to see the baby's face and body almost as would be seen in a real picture. Many psychologists believe that this contributes to the production of an earlier and stronger emotional connection between mother and child. It should be emphasised that the observation of an image of a child during USG is not only to delight or satisfy curiosity, but also to strengthen the ties between the mother and father, and their unborn child.