In orthodontics, there is a use of different types of orthodontic apparatus. Depending on the defect and needs of the patient, one of the following devices is applied: 

Removable orthodontic devices - they are used mainly in cases of young patients, this type of apparatus is self-inserted and removed, most often are used between 4 and 12 year of life, precisely, before the second teeth replace the milk teeth. Colorful acrylic plate suiting the teeth shape and wire elements (springs, screws, staples) can cure numerous malocclusions, provided that the treatment will start early and the young patient will follow the doctor's instructions. Removable orthodontic devices are usually applied for a few hours during the day and all night long. Follow-up visits should take place each month. It will allow us to estimate the treatment effectiveness. A treatment with removable orthodontic device began early enough, prevents a patient in the future, before second teeth extraction.

Permanent appliances - enable to diagnose much serious disorders than removable device. The apparatus consists of locks and rings which are affixed to the teeth for the period of treatment. Time treatment depends on the examined defect - an average treatment takes about two years. We have all kinds of permanent appliances, depending on health and aesthetic requirements.

Solid metal device - consists of metal locks which are used to set the arch which is affixed with coloured ligatures (which may be transparent as well). Follow-up visits, in the event of permanent devices (regardless of their type), should take place every month (between 3 and 6 weeks). In emergency conditions, the interval between visits can be longer, however, it will elongate the time of treatment with permanent apparatus.

Aesthetic devices (ceramic)

  1. Porcelain - colour of locks matches with a shade of enamel, coated white wire and transparent ligatures make the apparatus invisible. This allows to diagnose malocclusion in patients who want to have almost invisible braces on teeth.
  2. Sapphire - crystal locks - a crystal clear sapphire is a material of an excellent translucency, locks will not undergo discolouration (while drinking coffee or tea) what makes them more comfortable for a demanding patient.

The device application is totally painless and takes about 1 - 1.5 hours. A doctor affixes the locks, rings and on subsequent visits, various mobile elements will be added to escalate the effect of the treatment. Before the device application, all the teeth should be cured and plaque should be removed, too.

Retention - the final stage of the treatment. Retention devices stabilize the achieved results and consolidate the effect of the treatment:

  1. Permanent retention device - a thin wire affixed on the glossal surfaces of the upper front or lower front teeth
  2. Mobile - removable acrylic plate covering the entire arch.
  3. The retention splint - made of a synthetic, transparent material; it is an alternative apparatus to the retention plate, also keeps the treatment`s results.